Currently large-scale methane steam reforming is the prevailing technology for hydrogen production. In the transition towards a sustainable hydrogen economy with a fully functional infrastructure, decentralized hydrogen production at refuelling stations will accelerate market introduction of hydrogen-powered vehicles. On-site hydrogen production at refuelling stations is economically reasonable especially in areas where hydrogen can not be cost effectively supplied by a central production plant. Such technology has not yet been developed to a commercially available product fulfilling the requirements of the market in terms of cost and efficiency.

The FCH JU Annual Implementation plan 2010, in which the market introduction of hydrogen powered cars is expected within the next few years, envisions a market share between 10 and 20 % of sustainably produced hydrogen in 2015.

The NEMESIS 2+ consortium will contribute to reach this target by developing a pre-commercial and sustainable on-site hydrogen generator system capable of producing 50 Nm3/h H2 from diesel and biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester produced by transesterification of vegetable oils such as rapeseed oil).